May 21, 2024

What Do You Know About Cervical Cancer?

What do you know about Cervical Cancer as we mark the cancer awareness month?

Indeed how much you know about cervical cancer, non-communicable (NCD) will determine how well you are determined to prevent the disease or treat it if it ever shows up.

According to Teach Me Anatomy, The cervix is the lower portion of the uterus, an organ of the female reproductive tract.

It connects the vagina with the main body of the uterus, acting as a gateway between them. Anatomically and histologically, the cervix is distinct from the uterus, and hence we consider it as a separate anatomical structure.

Here are some facts you need to know and watch out to prevent the disease which is also treatable if detected early.

Key Facts About Cervical Cancer:

  • Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women globally with an estimated 604 000 new cases and 342 000 deaths in 2020.
  • The highest rates of cervical cancer incidence and mortality are in low- and middle-income countries. This reflects major inequities driven by lack of access to national HPV vaccination, cervical screening and treatment services and social and economic determinants.
  • Cervical cancer is caused by persistent infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV).  Women living with HIV are 6 times more likely to develop cervical cancer compared to women without HIV.
  • Prophylactic vaccination against HPV and screening and treatment of pre-cancer lesions are effective ways to prevent cervical cancer and are very cost-effective.
  • Cervical cancer can be cured if diagnosed at an early stage and treated promptly.
  • Countries around the world are working to accelerate the elimination of cervical cancer in the coming decades, with an agreed set of three targets to be met by 2030. 
  • In Nigeria, though there is no known national register, cervical cancer is regarded as the third most common cancer and the second most frequent cause of cancer deaths among women aged between 15 and 44 years.
  • In 2020 – the latest year for which data is available – the country recorded 12,000 new cases and 8,000 deaths from cervical cancer.

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