Food & Beverages

USAID Partners Coca-Cola on Clean Water in Cross River

February 23, 2016


From Left: USAID Mission Director, Michael T Harvey, Ag Consul General, William Steuer, MD Coca Cola, Nigeria Adeola Adetunji during the event at the US Consulate, Lagos



AS part of its commitment to good governance, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Coca-Cola Company have announced support for a $2m water program under the Water and Development Alliance (WADA) project.

Under the new project, about 100, 000 people of Cross River State are to enjoy access to safe drinking water and good sanitation facilities by 2019.

At a programme to sign the Memorandum of Understanding in Lagos, Acting U.S. Consul General in Lagos William Steuer, said, “The U.S. Government is committed to engaging in effective and innovative alliances with committed partners to support Nigeria’s critical development needs”.

He added, “We are proud to collaborate with Coca-Cola to bring a sustainable and safe water solution to thousands of people in Nigeria”.

During the signing event, USAID Director to Nigeria, Michael T. Harvey said, “Today, we are consolidating a special partnership, one in which a private firm has joined with a U.S. Government Agency to contribute to a priority set by the Government of Nigeria.”

This joint investment is aligned with USAID and Coca Cola’s shared focus on clean water provision as a means to help build healthy, sustainable communities in Nigeria.

USAID and Coca Cola have been collaborating in the country since 2007.

The partnership has helped in the improvement of water resource management and expanded sustainable access to safe drinking water and sanitation services in Kano and Enugu States.

The WADA project helps to control and prevent water-related diseases such as cholera, typhoid, and diarrhoea by providing water and sanitation services, hygiene education, and establishing Water, Environment, and Sanitation Committees in communities where the project works.

This new agreement will provide a framework to implement WADA and to allow the parties to establish a range of policy issues to achieve their shared objectives in Nigeria.



NUTRITION: January 13, 2016

How Important Is Breakfast?

Yinka Shokunbi

We have often been told that breakfast is the most important meal of the day and many people believe and would not joke with having something before setting out to work.

Nonetheless, a lot more people especially those who work in the big cities such as Lagos are often not able to break their fast before setting out to work due to time constraint.

The question however is just how important is breakfast that it must be taken as a matter of priority and is there a time frame within which to take a breakfast?

Professor Ignatius Onimawo, former President of the Nutrition Society of Nigeria (NSN) spoke extensively on this issue during the media launch of Nestle’s Milo activGO in Lagos.

According to Onimawo, albeit breakfast means different things to different people as some individuals would define an only meal taken in a day regardless of the time, as breakfast; “But in the true sense of it, breakfast refers to the very first meal of the day after a night fast” he noted.

Why do we say after a ‘night fast’?

“It is because the previous day, dinner has ideally been taken at about 7pm. (any meal taken less than three hours before bed is bad), so, by the time one wakes in the morning, the body is ready to break the night long period of fast”, Onimawo explained.

The night fast he said, should ideally be between eight and twelve hours long (depending on when one slept and wake). During this period, the body would have processed the meal of the previous day and the waste ready to be passed out.

According to Onimawo, “in more organised societies where one doesn’t need to wake as early as 4am to prepare for work, one could stay in bed till about 6am and then get up to prepare the meal for breakfast and this is then taken within fifteen to thirty minutes after preparation.

He observed, “Ideally, breakfast should be taken before eight o’clock in the morning.

“But for us in this part of the world, three hours after waking up, it is still okay to have breakfast and that of course could take one to like 9 o’clock”, Onimawo said.

And so, can it be argued why the first meal of the day is the most important?

“Definitely, there is no argument about that. This is because breakfast from studies, have been proven to be the most important meal of the day although, it is the most often neglected or skipped.

“This is obviously due to reasons that vary across people and culture. The commonest reason people skip breakfast is because they say, they do not want to be fat; they are watching their weight. However, it is the very wrong way to watch weight”, noted Onimawo.

Explaining the implication of stretching the time of breakfast beyond 8am overtime, Onimawo pointed out, “if you do it so often, the body is subjected to starvation and this could lead to the body drawing up from the reserve already stored in the system (the glycogen in the liver would be mobilized) to provide the needed energy.

“In doing that, one is creating a problem, the insulin which is needed to take care of the excess glucose in the blood would be left inactive and if this continues, one could develop insulin resistance condition as insulin never had any work to do.

“That is why we are saying, breakfast should never be skipped; in fact, it should be the richest meal of the day. That is why people often say, ‘when you wake in the morning to break a fast, eat like a King-the banquet of a King is very rich, at lunch time, eat like a Prince and at night, eat like a pauper

“This is because a poor man often do not have so much to eat and so do not have any excess deposited in the body”, explained Onimawo.

Breakfast plates said Onimawo varies from place to place and across regions, from individuals, households and even from time to time.

Nevertheless, there is a specific meal to be taken in order to have a good breakfast.

According to Onimawo, “As you are preparing your breakfast, be careful to include three important food groups: a good source of carbohydrate-nutrients rich in carbohydrate (not just the sugary ones) but must be the good source of fibre such as grains or cereal-based products or bread.

  • An ideal breakfast


“Then, choose from the Protein group and there are many sources from both plant and animal and then, Fat and beverages as well as vegetables and fruits.

“Let your breakfast be nutrient dense so that it can carry you throughout the day” said Onimawo.

The quantity of meal or the type of breakfast taken is not what is most important but that whatever is taken, must have enough nutrient to replenish the lost glycogen for use of the liver during the fast period.

He pointed out also that the brain is the most active organ in the body while one is asleep and it uses more than half of the energy available and it draws some from the liver which is why the nutrient for breakfast must be dense and taken from both micro and macro nutrient sources.

Why We Eat Breakfast:

Some people would eat breakfast because they are hungry. Onimawo however advised, “We must never be hungry before we take a meal especially, breakfast”.

According to him, “if we get hungry before we eat any meal, it means we did not plan well and something is already going wrong in the body”.