Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) bacteria. Tuberculosis generally affects the lungs, but can also affect other parts of the body. Most infections do not have symptoms, in which case it is known as latent tuberculosis.
What is the first sign of tuberculosis?
TB bacteria most commonly grow in the lungs, and can cause symptoms such as: A bad cough that lasts 3 weeks or longer. Pain in the chest. Coughing up blood or sputum (mucus from deep inside the lungs).
What happens when you have tuberculosis?
TB usually affects the lungs, although it can spread to other organs around the body. Doctors make a distinction between two kinds of tuberculosis infection: latent and active. Latent TB – the bacteria remain in the body in an inactive state. They cause no symptoms and are not contagious, but they can become active.
Can the TB be completely cured?
Many people worry about whether there is a cure for TB. TB can usually be completely cured by the person with TB taking a combination of TB drugs. The only time that TB may not be curable is when the person has drug resistant TB. … This is why so many people still die from TB because their TB is not completely cured.
What is the survival rate of tuberculosis?
The overall mortality rate was 12.3% (249 cases) and the mean age at death was 74 years; 17.3% (43 cases) of all TB deaths were TB-related. Most of the TB-related deaths occurred early (median survival: 20 days), and the patient died of septic shock
Can I kiss a person with TB?
TB is not spread through sexual intercourse or kissing or other touch. … When a person who has TB disease of the lungs or throat coughs, speaks, or sings, TB bacteria are spread in the air. Other people who spend time with the ill person may breathe in these bacteria and become infected.
How does tuberculosis kill you?
About 10% of latent infections progress to active disease which, if left untreated, kills about half of those affected. … Infection of other organs can cause a wide range of symptoms. Tuberculosis is spread through the air when people who have active TB in their lungs cough, spit, speak, or sneeze.
Is sore throat a sign of TB?
For example, a cough is a common symptom of TB in the lungs. Someone with TB in the lymph nodes may have a swollen throat. Aches and pains in the joints could be TB in the bones. TB meningitis often gives a person severe headaches
What is the first sign of TB?
Signs and symptoms of active TB include: Coughing that lasts three or more weeks. Coughing up blood. Chest pain, or pain with breathing or coughing.
The usual treatment is:
two antibiotics (isoniazid and rifampicin) for six months.
two additional antibiotics (pyrazinamide and ethambutol) for the first two months of the six-month treatment period.
Which fruit is good for TB patient?
Fruits and vegetables like orange, mango, sweet pumpkin and carrots, guava, amla, tomato, nuts and seeds are an excellent source of Vitamin A, C and E. These foods must be included in the daily diet regime of a TB patient. TB patients tend to experience loss in appetite
Is TB a permanent disease?
A: Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that most often affect the lungs. Tuberculosis is curable and preventable. TB is spread from person to person through the air. … People infected with TB bacteria have a lifetime risk of falling ill with TB of 10%
Is TB a death sentence?
Following Tuberculosis From Death Sentence to Cure. Tuberculosis was once a death sentence. Doctors could do little to treat it, and almost nothing was known of its spread.
Can you die of TB?
Tuberculosis is actually the primary cause of death for people with HIV. Anyone who receives a late diagnosis is also at a greater risk of dying from tuberculosis. The later you start treatment, the more time the bacteria have to spread throughout the lungs and to other parts of the body.
Can TB come back after treatment?
After treatment. … You might need more treatment if tests show there is still TB bacteria in your body, but most people will get the all-clear. Your treatment will not be stopped until you are cured. It is possible to catch TB more than once, if you are unlucky enough to breathe in TB bacteria at another time.
Can you have tuberculosis and not know it?
If you have tuberculosis, you might have a latent TB infection or active TB disease. With a latent infection, you have the TB bacteria, but you don’t feel sick and you have no symptoms. You can’t spread TB to anyone else. The only sign that you have a TB infection is a positive TB skin test or blood test.