Although 24 out of 98 patients have survived the Coronavirus pandemic and discharged from the Isolation Centre, Lagos State now records of more COVID-19 local transmissions among 30-59 year old age bracket.
Commissioner for Health Professor Akin Abayomi giving the situation update at a news brief noted that government is currently following 2450 contacts but warned that the coming days are shaky as more local transmissions are being seen.
According to Abayomi, breakdown of patients admitted at the Infectious Diseases Hospital Yaba show 91% are Nigerians and 9% are Foreign Nationals all occupying 70% bed utilization.
Disclosing the Statistics of patients, Abayomi said Eti Osa Local Government has highest figure of 47 cases, followed by Ikeja with 24, Lagos Mainland 11 while Alimosho, Agege and Ikorodu have a case each respectively.
“We have majority of the patients in the ages 30-59 bracket, two patients are above 60 years of age while two others are above 70 years old; 64% are male and 36% are female. But the ratio of imported cases to local transmission have reduced to 68% imported and 32% local transmission”, the Commissioner noted.
He noted also that most of the patients have varying medical profiles of infections some, are asymptomatic, ie some patients would not know they are infected, some people are infected and would show mild disease like cough, fever and some body pains; some people will have moderate disease such as feeling generally unwell, weak, loss of appetite, high fever or prolonged fever and coughing.
Then, in the severe cases the organs such as the lungs are affected and the person finds difficulty in breathing. Such patients are described as critical. “This is because without the support, they may deteriorate
“Right now in Lagos, although it is still a numbers game, we are just about hitting the 100 mark, we have only seen one or two patients that have what we describe as moderate to severe range; otherwise, they have difficulty in breathing and we are supporting them with Oxygen. If that doesn’t work, we might have to ventilate them”
Abayomi disclosed that the State presently has a total of about 20 ventilators deployed: 5 at Yaba, 10 at Onikan and another 5 at Gbagada General Hospital.
The Lagos State University Teaching Hospital LASUTH has about 6 that can still be used and there are about 20 that can be deployed from some private facilities in the event of need while more can be recruited into the system.
” As our numbers increase, we may see more critical cases as we see on Television around the world. Some patients may deteriorate beyond the point we can salvage them and that may result in death.
“So far, we have not seen such picture in Lagos State. So our profile from the numbers we have, we do not have huge numbers, it is difficult for us to deduce beyond what we are seeing. It appears we are seeing from mild to moderate disease profile of COVID-19”, said Abayomi.
He is however optimistic that all outbreaks will eventually burn out once it runs out of those it can infect.
According to him, “Typical of infections, an infection cannot keep on going,it runs out of victims and once it has passed through a community,it would stop infecting because people would have developed immunity to the infection. An outbreak does not just keep on going” Abayomi explains
He therefore advised that the most effective weapon to eliminate or curb COVID-19 local transmission remains, social distancing, “because it accelerates the point at which the virus can no longer infect people without the virus actually infecting the entire community”.
He nonetheless expresses worry about seeing more local transmission since there are no more imported cases, due to closure of points of entries.
“”We are now seeing more random cases in the society which means they are 3rd, 4th or 5th generations of local transmissions since we moved from the contacts of the imported cases”